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isocade

Firearm & Ammo Guide (HEAVY WIP)

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isocade    90

I first want to say that I am not an expert in any sense of the term, I don't hold any degrees or manufacturing experience in firearms, ammunition, medical, psychology, mechanical engineering, or pain. However, I am putting forth the knowledge that I personally have collected over years and years of roleplay, and over years of research like mentioned above. With guides like this, I wish to improve the roleplay of other players and guide them along on their quest to become realistic and well crafted in the art show they call a character on the stage we call roleplay.

When finished, this guide will be properly formatted and have various sections and spoilers, as well as proper colors and whatnot. This guide is being transferred over from my old files and guides I did for my own community into here, so there may be a few mistakes or other things lost in translation, as well as some things outright missing for the first couple of builds. If you have anything to debate, any comments, any questions, or concerns, please post them in this thread. Thank you in advance for the feedback.

Be patient and keep in mind that this is currently a work in progress. At one point I will be detailing reloading processes as well as various things you can do extra with the firearms aside from shoot, reload, and hoard.

To do list: Longhorn (Contender G2), Flare Gun, CR527 Carbine (CZ 527), Izh 18 Rifle, SKS, Blaze 95 Double Rifle (Blaser 97), CZ61 Skorpion, PM73 RAK (FB PM-63), UMP-45, IZH-43 Shotgun, MP-133 Shotguns, Flare Rounds


AMMUNITION

.22 LR - One of the smallest handgun rounds available on the market, and the second-oldest surviving rimfire cartridge in the world, dating back to 1871. It's become known as the most reliable small-game hunting cartridge, and was originally designed for revolvers but as time went on, variations were made that fit into rifles and other kind of handguns. It's low cost, low recoil, and low noise, making it perfect for beginner firearm training, recreational shooting, small game hunting, and sport shooting in competitions. However, it's also low power, and typically cannot penetrate simple armor such as multiple layers of denim.

.380 ACP (Also known as .380 Auto) - A small handgun round made in the United States by the Browning company, known for making the Browning Automatic Rifle and other well known and respected rifles in American history. It has a short range and equally short stopping power versus armored targets of either soft or hard armor, but against an unarmed opponent, it typically performs well under fifty meters. In terms of ballistics, it's inferior to 9x19mm Parabellum, but that shouldn't undersell the abilities it has as a general bullet, carrying kinetic force and whatnot.

9x19mm Parabellum Rounds - The world's most popular handgun round, in use by over 60% of the police force in the United States. Now the United States isn't the world, but that's not the point here. The 9x19mm Parabellum round is a bit bigger and has a more pointed tip than the 9x18mm Makarov round, but it carries just about the same damage in the long run. It has slightly more effective range and tends to ricochet off hard armor rather than flatten and crumple against it.

.45 ACP Rounds - An American-made large handgun round, turned popular by the Colt M1911 handgun developed in the year of 1911. In comparison to nearly all handgun rounds, the .45 ACP offers superior flesh damage and some actual soft armor penetration. The .45 ACP round most likely will not penetrate hard armor unless it's very close range. At a range like that, the damage is critical. The .45 ACP round has a large exit wound capability if the round manages to go through the target.

.357 Magnum Rounds - A well known and revered small handgun round made to penetrate any soft armors that .45 ACP and other civilian available rounds cannot. It has high flesh and soft armor penetration capability, and carries a high kinetic force to the point that it will damage hard armors and most likely knock down the target if close enough. It's unable to properly penetrate hard armor due to the flat-pointed nature of the round.

5.45x39mm Rounds - Made as a cheaper, lighter, and more accurate alternative to the 7.62x39mm round, it's now become a standard rifle round for most Warsaw-fiream-using countries. It offers more flesh damage than the 5.56x45mm NATO round, but is less accurate than it due to its tendency to yaw after firing. It can penetrate almost all soft armors and damage hard armors.

5.56x45mm NATO Rounds - The standard rifle round for all NATO intermediate-caliber firearms, including rifles and machine guns. It is more accurate than the 5.45x39mm and has more armor penetration against hard armors- But has a lesser flesh damage capability due to the high velocity of the round- Typically going through targets.

7.62x39mm Rounds - A heavy Soviet made rifle round, used in the world's most recognizable rifle- The AK-47. It's a heavy round designed to do quite a bit of flesh damage while penetrating soft and hard armors of all kinds. Unfortunately, it lacks the yaw required to perform heavy damage to flesh, but this will not prevent the large exit wound it'll create. Even if something vital isn't struck, a good chunk of you will come out with the bullet. It also effectively punches through armor.

7.62x51mm NATO Rounds (In-game called .308 Winchester for some reason.) - The 7.62x51mm NATO round is a larger and heavier cartridge used in large caliber rifles and machine guns under the NATO pact. Compared to the 5.56x45mm NATO round, it has approximately equal lethality and twice the kinetic energy. This makes it useful if the target is protected by armor of any kind. It also has a higher effective range.

7.62x54mm Rounds - The 7.62x54mm round was developed by the Russian Empire in 1891, and is most famously used in the Mosin Nagant rifle. It is still in use today for machine guns like the PKM and sniper rifles such as the Dragunov SVD and SVU. The standard round can penetrate a 6mm steel plate at 520 meters, and standard Russian heavy plating at 110 meters.

9x39mm Rounds - A subsonic ammunition load with the intention of being fired from a suppressed firearm for special forces units, but has more power, range, and penetration than a handgun round. The 9x39mm SP-5 round is about the size of a 7.62x39mm round and is meant to be fired from suppressed firearms for a subsonic effect. If fired from an unsuppressed firearm- It still has the same properties, but you're missing the lack of muzzle flash and thus ruins the attempt at stealth. Whether you use it for stealth or not, it has an effective lethal range of approximately three hundred to four hundred meters, and can penetrate up to 8mm of steel.

12 Gauge Shotshells - A shotshell loaded with approximately nine pellets of small lead. They are designed to combat small game, medium game, and unarmored targets. Although the pellets from a shotgun blast will most likely never penetrate any soft or hard armor (except for very thin sheets), the kinetic force from the shot will most likely bruise, maybe even break or fracture bones, and definitely knock you down if there's a short enough distance between you and the shooter.


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WEAPONS

Amphibia S [ Ruger MK II ] (.22 rounds) - The Amphibia S is a small-caliber handgun firing .22 rimfire rounds from a ten round magazine, and it also features an integrated suppressor that makes the already quiet gun even quieter. The gun does not feature a double-action trigger mechanism, meaning that you will have to cock it with each shot. Think of the tranquilizer gun from Metal Gear Solid, basically. Due to the low power but wide availability of the ammunition, this gun could be a useful emergency carry gun, but it's not too common in Chernarus and neither are the magazines.

AKM (7.62x39mm rounds) - A modernized and updated edition of the traditional AK-47, which is the famous Russian made assault rifle with wood furniture. Many people may confuse the AKM and the AK-47 as the same firearm, but there are many changes such as the mounting of a dovetail support on the side, a changed barrel shroud, as a change in the production of the parts, with the AKM using stamped receivers instead of milled. All of this makes it superior to the older AK-47 rifles. It fires 7.62x39mm and features reliability unheard of in other firearms. Many other rifles are based off this platform, and they share the same level of reliability. It's been used in conflicts all over the world, and is very common, especially in comparison to most other rifles found in Chernarus.

AK-74 (5.45x39mm rounds) - The AK-74 was made to replace the more expensive AK-47 with a more accurate, lighter, and cheaper rifle. It is still in service today as a primary assault rifle for the Russian Army foot-soldiers. It fires 5.45x39mm and typically has a dovetail mount on the side, which allows for the mounting of a scope.

AKS-74u (5.45x39mm rounds) - The AK-74 rifle was popular and successful, but there needed to be an even lighter and more compact version for tank crews, helicopter troops, and those who are in constant transport. Thus the AKS-74u was born. The rifle features a shortened barrel length and fore guard section as well as a stock that folds to the side and clips to a small lock on the left side of the gun, this all being used for compact storage and quick drawing. Thanks to the shortened barrel section, it lacks the same range as other AK platform rifles.

AK-101 (5.56x45mm NATO rounds) - An export production version of the AK-74 that typically comes with with black synthetics instead of polished wooden pieces, but it can fit any traditional AK body piece. The main differences it has from other AK variants is that is it chambered for the 5.56x45mm SS109 index NATO round, and the fact that it was designed specifically for export to foreign markets rather than be utilized by the native forces. In a place like Chernarus, that makes the ammunition more difficult to acquire.

Steyr AUG (5.56x45mm NATO rounds) - An Austrian bullpup assault rifle, chambered in 5.56x45 NATO. Some notable features in this firearm are the integrated x1.5 magnification sight, a progressive trigger and of course, the general bullpup setup of the rifle.

FN FAL (7.62x51mm NATO rounds) - The well-known Belgian battle rifle, the FN FAL, is a powerful weapon chambered in 7.62x51mm NATO. The weapon is favored by many due to its specially powerful round, superior to the 5.56x45 round. It features a high effective firing range as well as deadly accuracy, but it shouldn't be used for close quarters given the long barrel, frame, and full stock.

Colt M1911 (.45 ACP rounds) - An American classic. The most common variants have a worn-out finish and fire .45 ACP. They're typically not the best handgun to rely upon, due to having heavy weight and firing a heavy round- But people who do use it, swear by it for reliability and functionality.

CR75 [ CZ75 ] (9x19mm Parabellum Rounds) - The CR75, having been made in Chernarus, praises itself as being one of the most reliable handguns in the Eastern hemisphere and it also features one of the most common ammunition types, 9x19mm Parabellum. It is also recognized as one of the first "wonder nine" handguns, featuring a staggered column magazine, double-action trigger, and caliber of 9x19mm Parabellum. The version most commonly found in Chernarus features an aluminum alloy frame and under-barrel accessory rail.

Derringer [ Remington 1866 Derringer ] (.45 ACP rounds) - The smallest form of ballistic protection one can carry on themselves. Due to the small size, it can easily be concealed pretty much anywhere, even taped to one's own body and able to be comfortably transported without snagging or catching on anything. The variation most commonly found in Chernarus is a breech-loaded double barrel gun that fires two .45 ACP rounds, one in each barrel. 

FNX45 [ FNP-45 Tactical ] (.45 ACP rounds) - The FNX45 is a Belgian made tactical handgun that fires .45 ACP rounds from a 15 round magazine. It features support for a small red dot sight on the top in place of the iron sights, and also has an externally threaded barrel for the support of a suppressor. In extension, it also features a small rail attached to the bottom of the frame for the mounting of a flashlight, laser sight, or whatever else your heart desires. It features an ambidextrous safety and magazine release, and an ergonomic polymer frame with removable backplates on the grip.

M4A1 (5.56x45mm NATO rounds) - The main assault rifle used by the US military across the board. It's a very versatile gun, having good customization and firing a common caliber amongst other weapons of its category- 5.56x45mm NATO. The version found in Chernarus are typically battered unless maintained properly.

Makarov (.380 ACP rounds) - The Makarov, or the PM, is a semi-automatic originally chambered in 9x18mm, but the versions found in Chernarus take .380 ACP as their primary caliber. Literally the most common weapon in all of the Slavic countries, it is cheap, easy to maintain and unfortunately, not very powerful due to its caliber.

Red9 [ Mauser C96 ] (9x19mm Parabellum) - This specific variant of the Mauser C96 was designed and produced in 1916 under a Prussian contract, in which roughly 150,000 were made. It is chambered in 9x19mm Parabellum, and can be found all over Chernarus in various states of decay, wear, and tear. It has a ten round internal magazine that is typically fed by a stripper-clip, but it can also be hand-loaded with enough patience. Sometimes, a wooden stock-holster combination piece can be found and mounted to increase the accuracy of the firearm.

Mosin Nagant (7.62x54mm rounds) - The legendary Mosin Nagant 91/30, known for its availability and powerful cartridge, is a quite common weapon in Chernarus, despite the fact that it was used in World War 2. Fires the 7.62x54 Rimmed cartridge.

Obrez (7.62x54mm rounds) - A modified Mosin Nagant 91/30, having a sawn-off barrel and stock. This weapon is extremely unreliable and not very common as most people do not want to take the time to saw away at their guns. However, it may serve as a very powerful concealed "handgun".

Glock 19 (9x19mm Parabellum) - The Glock handgun chambered in 9x19mm Parabellum is the most common law enforcement handgun in Chernarus, and typically uses a magazine of fifteen rounds. The Glock 19 has a shorter pistol grip and barrel length than the Glock 17, and also features a smaller magazine, as it was designed to be the "compact" version despite still being a full-size handgun. Oddly enough, the variants found in Chernarus feature a threaded barrel to mount a suppressor.

HK MP5K (9x19mm Parabellum rounds) -  A shortened version on the MP5A2. The weapon's most notable characteristics are its high rate of fire, reliable and well-made design, reliability and availability. The changes made were the removal of the buttstock (although the weapon can still be fitted with one), the shortened bolt and receiver, and the addition of a vertical foregrip.

Colt Python (.357 Magnum rounds) - A relatively common revolver worldwide, the Colt Python, made by the American company Colt, fires the powerful .357 Magnum round. Although the weapon is accurate, powerful and reliable, it should be noted that after a long time of use, the weapon will lose a considerable amount of its accuracy, forcing its users to keep it in a good shape through maintenance.

P1 Pistol [ Walther P38 ] (9x19mm Parabellum) - The P38 was designed and produced to replace the Luger P08 handgun due to costs toward the end of World War Two. It features a locked-breech barrel that uses both a double action and single action trigger mechanism, and also fires 9x19mm Parabellum. It's an uncommon handgun, but the magazines are even more uncommon- With a capacity of eight shots. The gun has a maximum effective firing range of roughly fifty meters, and the fixed sights are zeroed to such.

Repeater [ Winchester Model 1892 ] (.357 rounds) - The Repeater is a basic lever-action rifle that holds a maximum of 7 shots of the devastatingly powerful .357 Magnum ammunition. It's become very popular as the poster rifle of cowboys and wild west media, in addition to the six shooter revolvers. Although it doesn't support any scopes or other attachments, the accuracy of the Repeater is quite deadly to whoever may happen to be on the business end. It's a loud, powerful, slow rifle that can easily ruin someone's day, and equipment. The maximum effective firing range is roughly 300 meters, and the sights can be zeroed to such.

Sporter 22 [ Ruger 10/22] (.22 rounds) - The Sporter 22 is a very simple, cheap, and low power wood and metal rifle that is primarily used for plinking, target practice, firearm training, and small game hunting. It fires the .22 round, typically out of a 10 round rotary box magazine inserted into the bottom of the gun. However, commercially, 30 round box magazines can be found, making the firearm much more effective for repeated shooting. It has very low recoil and, compared to most other guns used for hunting, low power as well. However, that does not make it a bad gun. The maximum effective range of the Sporter 22 would be roughly 400 meters. However, the sights are zeroed statically at 50 meters.

Trumpet [ FN Trombone ] (.22 rounds) - The Trumpet is, much like the Sporter 22, a very simple and low power wood and metal used for target practice, small game hunting, and general recreational shooting. It also fires the .22 round, but inside an internal tube magazine that holds a maximum of 11 rounds. The Trumpet is pump-action, as opposed to the semi-automatic Sporter 22. However, the Trumpet supports two features that the Sporter 22 does not. First, it can mount a hunting scope on the top rail, turning it into an effective hunting and scouting rifle. Second, it can be disassembled into a smaller package, allowing it to be stored effectively in a bag of some sort. This makes the weapon's travel functions much more convenient. The gun is low recoil, low power, and has a low firerate due to the pump action mechanism, but it is still an effective firearm if utilized properly.

SVD (7.62x54mm rounds) - The SVD is a Russian semi-automatic rifle chambered in the 7.62x54mmR round. Includes a 10-round box magazine, and a PSO-1 scope. It is an extremely reliable rifle, but should be carried with caution due to the long length and easily noticeable profile.

Winchester Model 70 (.308 Winchester/7.62x51mm rounds) - The Winchester Model 70 is a bolt action high-accuracy, high-powered hunting rifle with the ability to support a scope, and it also features adjustable iron sights and a 5 round internal magazine that must be hand-loaded. The gun is deadly accurate, and deadly powerful, capable of killing either medium-to-large game or other humans in a single shot if aimed correctly. A scope can be mounted on the gun, and the iron sights can be zeroed up to 300 meters, but the effective firing range is approximately 700 meters or more.

VSS Vintorez (9x39mm rounds) - The VSS 'Vintorez', is a suppressed sniper rifle that uses the heavy subsonic armor-piercing 9x39mm round. Issued mainly to special forces units in Russia for undercover or clandestine operations. Features an internally-integrated supressor and a PSO-1-1 scope.

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Castiel    1124

That's a lot of information. You certainly know your stuff! Great guide, I look forward to seeing the finished product.

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DarkSide    234

Very nice! Nice work on this!

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Yoshi    54

Quite an interesting guide! Good work!

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Razareth    218

This is a really good guide.

I must say I find weapons fascinating for some reason.

I have a question though.

Since we are a RP community, are you perhaps considering adding as well the IC names for weapons and ammunition?

I must admit I am at vault for calling some weapons by their game name and not their Real Life names.

This can be annoying for some Roleplayers

Would be nice to have that info as well, so you can brush up on what is acceptable terms to use.

Just a thought.

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isocade    90

This is a really good guide.

I must say I find weapons fascinating for some reason.

I have a question though.

Since we are a RP community, are you perhaps considering adding as well the IC names for weapons and ammunition?

I must admit I am at vault for calling some weapons by their game name and not their Real Life names.

This can be annoying for some Roleplayers

Would be nice to have that info as well, so you can brush up on what is acceptable terms to use.

Just a thought.

If you mean by the real life names of the guns and ammunition- All the guns and ammo are named after their real life counterparts accordingly, although with some variations being chosen over others. If you mean nicknames or terminology used by people who don't know weapons very well...

That might be difficult to emulate as everyone has all sorts of names for weapons and ammunition, and a generic term will go a long way. "Pistol ammo" could refer to anything from .22LR to .357 Magnum. More "defined" term like "big pistol ammo" could be .45 ACP or .357 Magnum ammo depending on what gun you're carrying. I'll try to see what kind of silly and improvised names I can come up with for it, but it'll most likely be stuff like "revolver bullets", "russian rifle rounds", and "bolt action ammo".

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Razareth    218

-snip-

-snip-

I understand, what I was more referring to is.

In a recent post someone said that you should call the Sporter 22 by it's full name.

I've actually never done this before as I just call it the .22 rifle.

Though is there a "Real" name for the Sporter that I'm unaware of?

Another example would be the Red 9, which is actually a Mauser C57 or C67 if I remember correctly. Though you do get people that would call it the Red 9 in game.

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isocade    90

-snip-

-snip-

I understand, what I was more referring to is.

In a recent post someone said that you should call the Sporter 22 by it's full name.

I've actually never done this before as I just call it the .22 rifle.

Though is there a "Real" name for the Sporter that I'm unaware of?

Another example would be the Red 9, which is actually a Mauser C57 or C67 if I remember correctly. Though you do get people that would call it the Red 9 in game.

Oh yes, of course. Yeah, I can most definitely do that. Sorry for not understanding immediately, but thank you for correcting me. I'll make sure to get it done proper, mate.

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Guest

A couple of things to mention.

The Makarov in game does not fire 9x18 rounds. It's manufactured to fire .380 auto, hence why it fires .380 auto in game. In reality the Makarov can be produced to be chambered in either 9x18 or .380. They're very similar.

The AK-101 is less of a "modernised" variant of the AK-74 as it is designed solely for export. It has not been used as a Russian service weapon, they still use the AK-74 (and more recently, AK 105) which is chambered in 5.45.

The rifle you call the AK-74 SU is in fact an AKS-74U. There is no "AK-74u" weapon. The U stands for Ukorochennyj, which means shortened when translated.

Lastly, the AK-47 and AKM are two distinctly different weapons. The AKM is a modernised variant of the AK-47 and the one that we see in game. The names aren't really able to be used in the place of another as the two weapons are unique.  

A few other minor problems but otherwise this is a good guide.

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isocade    90

A couple of things to mention.

The Makarov in game does not fire 9x18 rounds. It's manufactured to fire .380 auto, hence why it fires .380 auto in game. In reality the Makarov can be produced to be chambered in either 9x18 or .380. They're very similar.

The AK-101 is less of a "modernised" variant of the AK-74 as it is designed solely for export. It has not been used as a Russian service weapon, they still use the AK-74 (and more recently, AK 105) which is chambered in 5.45.

The rifle you call the AK-74 SU is in fact an AKS-74U. There is no "AK-74u" weapon. The U stands for Ukorochennyj, which means shortened when translated.

Lastly, the AK-47 and AKM are two distinctly different weapons. The AKM is a modernised variant of the AK-47 and the one that we see in game. The names aren't really able to be used in the place of another as the two weapons are unique.  

A few other minor problems but otherwise this is a good guide.

Ayy my bad mate, I'll be doing the fixes necessary for it. Thanks for letting me know, man!

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Ramon    342

Hey man,

Nice to see a guide like this.

I have only one tip for you.

Of course you don't have to use it...

But maybe put a picture of the ammotype with the types of ammo.

Then you know how they look like... Easy to see what is what....

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Guest

Hey man,

Nice to see a guide like this.

I have only one tip for you.

Of course you don't have to use it...

But maybe put a picture of the ammotype with the types of ammo.

Then you know how they look like... Easy to see what is what....

This. I'm more of a visual learner rather than a wall of text. 

Good guide, nonetheless!

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isocade    90

Finally made an update to this thread. Added in the Trumpet, Sporter 22, FNX45, Derringer, Repeater, and Winchester Model 70.

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Mazer    5

Very interesting! Had a good go googling some of em for more info. ;)

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Guest

I worked on something like this for a long time, but eventually gave up. I had all the RL stats listed next to the ingame stats. As well as videos of them firing both IRL and ingame. It was a shit ton of work, hence why I gave up. If you have the time you could look into adding that kinda stuff. It'd be neat.

Actually, I could PM you with what I had done if you wanna see it. Still have it on a draft. I'm never going to pick that project up again.

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trnc84    0

Great guide and a good read!

Good Job!

Just one thing is should mention, the sporter can also carry a scope, not just the trombone.

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